Biomechanics (Modul C)

This web page lists courses with the full set of in-class English lectures. Additional courses that are also available to English-speaking students, are accessible by clicking above links Winter Semester and Summer semester.

Higher education teachers: Kamnik Roman
Subject code: 64263



Subject description

Prerequisits:

  • Enrolment into the current year of study.

Objectives: The objective of the course Biomechanics is to familiarize students with fundamental laws of mechanics and to present how these can be applied to understanding and analyzing the living systems. In the perspectives of transferring solutions from the nature the knowledge on biomechanics is fundamental in development of robotic systems, artificial organs, biomaterials, rehabilitation products, simulation models, and intelligent devices for exercise in rehabilitation and sport.

Contents: Introduction to biomechanics; Analysis of rigid and deformable bodies in static conditions; Musculoskeletal motion system in human; Analysis of rigid body dynamics, Analysis of human motion; On-line biomechanical analysis for feedback in exercise.

LECTURES

1. Introduction to biomechanics

2. Analysis of rigid and deformable bodies in static conditions

  • statics
  • analysis of elastic bodies
  • deformations
  • mechanics of materials

3. Human biomechanical system in motion

  • kinematics of motion
  • energy of motion
  • Lagrange direct dynamic model
  • Newton-Euler inverse dynamic model
  • muscle and joint mechanics
  • anthropometric human body data
  • locomotion – standing, walking, running, rowing

PRACTICAL LABORATORY WORK

The objectives of the laboratory work is to teach students how to autonomously accomplish an acquisition and analysis of biomechanical parameters of human motion in rehabilitation or sport. Practical work is being performed in the laboratory environment, and is accomplished in steps, at the beginning acquainting students with the problem and instrumentation, and toward the end, individually working on a project. The project objectives are the analysis of energy conditions, stability mechanics or joint loadings during dynamic human motion maneuvers. At the end of the semester, students report on their results together with comparison to the results from the literature.

Video 12: Biomechnical analysis of joint loadings in boxing

Objectives and competences:

The objective of the course on Biomechanics is to familiarize students with fundamental laws of mechanics and to present how these can be applied to understanding and analyzing of the living systems. The foundations of biomechanics that are developed in this course include the mechanics of materials and structures of rigid and deformable bodies. The course gives the basic knowledge for interdisciplinary work in the fields of human motion assessment and exercise in rehabilitation and sport. From the perspectives of solutions transfer from nature the knowledge is fundamental in development of robotic systems, artificial organs, biomaterials, rehabilitation products, simulation models, and intelligent devices for exercise in rehabilitation and sport.

Intended learning outcomes:

  • Understanding of motion mechanisms and knowledge how these can be applied to analyze the causes of human movements and their effects on the body.
  • Understanding of multilegged locomotion and stability maintenance.
  • Practical knowledge on sensory systems for measuring the motion and loading parameters in human usable in clinical or sport environments.
  • Practical knowledge on advanced exercise rehabilitation or sport devices which incorporate the controlled loading and on-line biomechanical analysis and presentation of feedback information.

Learning and teaching methods:

The lectures provide a theoretical background on particular subjects together with presentation of simple practical examples. A complete study material is available to the students.

Practical work is being performed in the laboratory environment, and is accomplished in steps acquainting students with the problem and instrumentation. Project group is consisted of two or three students who accomplish the biomechanical analysis of motion maneuver, e.g. jumping, cycling, rowing or running. At the end of semester, students report on their results together with comparison to the results from the literature.





Study materials

  1. J. D. Humphrey, S.L. Delange, An Introduction to Biomechanics, Solids and Fluids, Analysis and Design, Springer Verlag, New York, 2004.
  2. Y.C. Fung, Biomechanics, Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, Springer Verlag, New York, 2004.
  3. D. A. Winter, Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2009.
  4. D. Knudson, Fundamentals of Biomechanics, Springer, New York, 2007.
  5. M. Nordin, V. H. Frankel, Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System, Wolters Kluwer Health, 2012.
  6. P. McGinnis, Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise, Human kinetics, Auckland, 2004.



Study in which the course is carried out

  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Information and Communication Technologies
  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Electronics
  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Electrical Power Engineering
  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Biomedical Engineering
  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Control Systems and Computer Engineering
  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Mechatronics
  • 1 year - 2nd cycle - Electrical Engineering - Robotics